SYARAT UJIAN TESIS

syarat ujian tesis MAP

Conflict Dynamics among Stakeholders in the Implementation of Domestic Mineral Processing and Refinering in Lampung Province

Shinta Mardiana Dewi, S241308008, 2016, Conflict Dynamics among Stakeholders in the Implementation of Domestic Mineral Processing and Refinering in Lampung Province. Thesis, First Counselor: Prof. Dr. Ismi Dwi Astuti Nurhaeni, M.Si, Second Counselor:  Dr. Rina Herlina Haryanti, S.Sos, Msi. Public Administration Magister Study Program, Postgraduate Program, Surakarta Sebelas Maret University.

 ABSTRACT

 The importance of natural resource management policy leads Government to stipulating domestic mineral processing and refinering. The objectives of policy were to control the export of raw material mining product and to improve added value in the mining product. However, as a policy expected to cope with the problem related to natural resource management, it instead became contradictive and generated conflict between stakeholders in its implementation.

This research aimed to find out the conflict dynamics among stakeholders, viewed from process aspect, factors affecting and conflict type. Lampung province was selected as the research location because it is one of provinces in Indonesia with potential mining reserve, particularly local iron ore profitable and qualified to be processed by National IUP holder with the company characteristics. This study was a descriptive one with qualitative data. The sampling technique employed was purposive sampling one with informants from Mining and Energy Service, employers, workers, society. The data of research was collected through interview and documentation technique, while data validation was carried out using data source triangulation. Analysis was conducted using document content and interactive analysis techniques.

The result of research showed that the presence of conflict between stakeholders made this policy inapplicable in Lampung Province. The implementation was divided into three stages: Interpretation, Organization, and Application. Conflict process ran from latent, trigger, escalation, crisis to result phases in each of implementation stage. Conflict in interpretation phase was dominated with discourse conflict at Central level; organization phase was characterized with conflict between policy executors; application phase was characterized with conflict between local employers and third party resulting from the company termination.  The factors underlying the conflict included: Difference of need between stakeholders; less effective communication; emotional tension with judicial review filing as the culmination; value or belief difference; structure factor in the presence of suppressing groups; history and foreign investment played a role in triggering the conflict. The type of conflict, according to the subject, was interpersonal one between government, local employers and third party. The substance of conflict was realistic in nature with non-supporting deposit reserve, high investment and infrastructure facility issues. The output of conflict was constructive in nature, in the presence of negotiation, and realized into revised policy forms. Viewed from life area, the conflict was economic one, the competition for scarce mineral resource. In addition, this conflict is also a political conflict, the struggle for power or authority between stakeholders.

Keywords: conflict, stakeholder, mining policy

Shinta Mardiana Dewi, S241308008, 2016, Dinamika Konflik antar Stakeholder pada Implementasi Kebijakan Pengolahan dan Pemurnian Mineral Dalam Negeri di Provinsi Lampung. Tesis, Pembimbing I : Prof.Dr. Ismi Dwi Astuti Nurhaeni, M.Si Pembimbing II :  Dr. Rina Herlina Haryanti, S.Sos, Msi. Program Studi Magister Administrasi Publik, Program Pasca Sarjana, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

ABSTRAK

Pentingnya kebijakan pengelolaan sumber daya alam membuat Pemerintah menetapkan kebijakan pengolahan dan pemurnian mineral di dalam negeri. Tujuan kebijakan adalah mengendalikan ekspor raw material hasil tambang serta untuk meningkatkan nilai tambah pada hasil tambang itu sendiri. Namun, sebagai sebuah kebijakan yang diharapkan mampu mengatasi permasalahan terkait pengelolaan sumber daya alam, justru pada saat implementasinya menjadi kontradiktif dan menimbulkan konflik antar stakeholder.

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dinamika konflik antar  stakeholder, yang dilihat dari aspek proses, factor yang melatar belakangi dan jenis konflik. Provinsi Lampung dipilih sebagai lokasi penelitian karena merupakan salah satu propinsi di Indonesia yang memiliki  potensi cadangan tambang, terutama bijih besi lokal yang menguntungkan dan memenuhi syarat untuk diolah. Selain itu, karakteristik pengusahaan kebanyakan adalah pemegang IUP nasional. Penelitian adalah penelitian deskriptif dengan dukungan data kualitatif. Teknik pengambilan sample secara purposive sampling dengan informan dari Dinas Pertambangan dan Energi, pengusaha, pekerja, masyarakat. Data penelitian dikumpulkan melalui teknik wawancara dan dokumentasi, sedangkan validitas data menggunakan triangulasi sumber data. Analisis dilakukan menggunakan analisis isi dokumen dan analisis interaktif.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya konflik antar stakeholder membuat kebijakan ini tidak teraplikasi di Provinsi Lampung.  Implementasi dibagi dalam tiga tahap, yaitu Interpretasi, Pengorganisasian, Aplikasi. Proses konflik berjalan dari fase laten, pemicu, eskalasi, krisis hingga ke fase hasil pada tiap tahap implementasi. Konflik pada tahap interpretasi, didominasi oleh konflik wacana di tingkat Pusat; Tahap pengorganisasian, ditandai dengan konflik antar pelaksana kebijakan; Tahap aplikasi, lebih banyak berkaitan dengan konflik antara pengusaha lokal dengan pihak ketiga yang timbul akibat terhentinya perusahaan. Faktor yang melatarbelakangi konflik meliputi : Perbedaan Kebutuhan antar stakeholder; komunikasi yang kurang efektif; Ketegangan emosional dengan puncaknya  pengajuan judicial review; Perbedaan nilai atau keyakinan; faktor struktur dengan adanya kelompok-kelompok penekan; Sejarah dan investasi asing  berperan dalam memicu konflik.  Jenis konflik menurut subyek adalah konflik interpersonal antara pemerintah, pengusaha lokal, pihak ketiga. Subtansi konflik bersifat realistik, dengan isu cadangan deposit, investasi tinggi dan fasilitas infrastruktur yang tidak mendukung, Keluaran dari konflik bersifat konstruktif, dengan adanya negosiasi dan terwujud dalam bentuk revisi-revisi kebijakan. Menurut bidang kehidupan,  konflik adalah konflik ekonomi, yaitu perebutan sumber daya mineral yang langka.  Selain itu, konflik ini juga merupakan konflik politik, yaitu pertarungan kekuasan dan kewenangan antar stakeholder.

Kata kunci : konflik, stakeholders, kebijakan tambang

SYARAT WISUDA

syarat wisuda

Collaboration between Executives in Modern Store Organization and Building in Surakarta City

Endang K Maharani, 2016, Collaboration between Executives in Modern Store Organization and Building in Surakarta City, Thesis, First Counselor: DR.Didik G. Suharto, S.Sos.,M.Si., Second Counselor: DR. Rina Herlina Haryanti, S.Sos., M.Si., Public Administration Magister Study Program, Postgraduate Program, Surakarta Sebelas Maret University, 137 pages.

ABSTRACT

The objectives of research were to find out the process of collaboration between executives in modern store organization and building in Surakarta City, to find out the role of each Local Apparatus Work Unit related to modern store organization and building in Surakarta City as the executive; to find out the factors inhibiting the process of collaboration between executives in modern store organization and building in Surakarta City.

This study was a qualitative research that was descriptive in nature, representing how the process of collaboration between executives in modern store organization and building in Surakarta City, with observation, interview with main data source and data source documentation as the technique of collecting data. Data validation was carried out using triangulation. Data analysis was conducted since the beginning of research process encompassing data reduction, data display and verification.

The result of research showed that Collaboration as a process was conducted by complying with the conditions of collaboration including shared understanding on the problem encountered, mutual trust and good will, understanding on authority border, the way of developing regulation and mechanism of coping with conflict, but the internal and external coordination was less maximal. The role of Local Apparatus Work Unit as the executive in modern store organization and building in Surakarta City had been consistent with the mechanism of organizing and building the modern stores in Surakarta City governed in the foundation of modern store organization and building in Surakarta City, Local Regulation Number 5 of 2011 and Perwali (Mayor Regulation) Number 17-A of 2012. The factor inhibiting the collaboration factor was cultural one including dependency on procedure and limited human resource leading to too long time taken for administering the license as the form of modern store organization and building.

To improve the collaboration between executives, the internal communication within the Service was recommended to be improved through periodical coordination meetings and the utilization of Service’s routine activities as the forum to share information on the activities of each division. In addition, a study should be conducted on the regulation of modern store organization and building to accommodate any thing not included in the regulation, such as modern store spacing, and confirmation of the role of institutions responsible for modern store building.

 Keywords : Collaboration, Stakeholders, Modern Store

Feminisasi Kemiskinan: Upaya Pemberdayaan Perempuan Melalui Program Terpadu Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Berbasis Gender (P2MBG) di Kota Surakarta

Pancawati, Galuh. S241308016. 2016. Feminisasi Kemiskinan: Upaya Pemberdayaan Perempuan Melalui Program Terpadu Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Berbasis Gender (P2MBG) di Kota Surakarta. TESIS. Pembimbing I: Prof. Dr. Ismi Dwi Astuti Nurhaeni, M.Si, II: Dr. Argyo Demartoto, M.Si. Program Studi Magister Administrasi Publik. Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta.

ABSTRAK

Kemiskinan merupakan sebuah masalah global. Kemiskinan merupakan sebuah keadaan dimana seseorang tidak mampu memenuhi kebutuhan hidupnya sehingga ada pada keadaan tidak berdaya.  Terlebih, kemiskinan pada perempuan ternyata memberikan dampak lebih berat. Keadaan ini dikenal dengan istilah feminisasi kemiskinan. Feminisasi kemiskinan yang tinggi menjadi sebuah masalah lanjutan yang harus segera ditemukan pemecahannya. Dalam penanggulangan feminisasi kemiskinan, pemerintah menggunakan pendekatan pemberdayaan untuk melepaskan kemiskinan dari perempuan. Penelitian ini akan membahas upaya penanggulangan feminisasi kemiskinan melalui Program Terpadu Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Berbasis Gender (P2MBG) di Kota Surakarta dengan memfokuskan pada proses pemberdayaan dan tingkat pemberdayaan dengan menggunakan analisis Women’s Empowerment milik Longwe.

Kota Surakarta dipilih secara purposive dengan melihat tingginya angka Human Development Index dari tahun ke tahun, namun hal ini tidak diikuti dengan angka Gender Development Index sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa pembangunan yang terjadi di Kota Surakarta masih timpang dengan melihat tiga indikator kunci, yaitu kesehatan, pendidikan, dan kehidupan yang layak. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif yang bertujuan menguraikan penanggulangan feminisasi kemiskinan. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan secara purposive melalui observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Validitas data dilakukan dengan teknik triangulasi sumber, peneliti menggunakan sumber yang berbeda untuk mengumpulkan data yang sama.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pemberdayaan perempuan memberikan dampak pada peningkatan pendapatan keluarga dan berpengaruh pada penanggulangan feminisasi kemiskinan. Pada proses pemberdayaan perempuan melalui P2MBG, terdapat empat tahapan kegiatan dimulai dari proses penyadaran, pengkapasitasan, pendayaan dan ketiga proses tersebut diperkuat melalui proses perlindungan. Pembahasan selanjutnya adalah tingkat pemberdayaan perempuan dengan menggunakan kerangka kerja milik Longwe yang terdiri dari lima tingkatan. Pemberdayan Perempuan dalam P2MBG telah mencapai kesemua tingkatan, mulai dari kesejahteraan, akses, kesadaran kritis, partisipasi, dan kontrol. Selanjutnya terdapat temuan tambahan bahwa adanya Self Help Group merupakan sebuah fenomena yang ditemui yang dianggap sebagai roh dalam proses panjang pemberdayaan perempuan dalam rangka menanggulangi feminisasi kemiskinan.

Kata kunci: Feminisasi Kemiskinan, Pemberdayaan, Longwe, Self Help Group, P2MBG.

Pancawati, Galuh. S241308016. 2016. The feminization of poverty: Women Empowerment Through Gender-Based Community Empowerment Program (P2MBG) in Surakarta.. THESIS. Supervisor I: Prof. Dr. Ismi Dwi Astuti Nurhaeni, M.Si, II: Dr. Argyo Demartoto, M.Si. Public Administration Magister Program. Postgraduate Program. Sebelas Maret University Surakarta.

ABSTRACT

Poverty is a global problem. Poverty is a condition where a person does not able meet their needs so that person become unempower. Moreover, poverty’s impact give more suffer to women. This situation is  known as the poverty feminization. The high poverty feminization becames a further issue that should be solved soon. To reduct the feminization of poverty, the government using the empowerment approach to alleviate women in poverty. This research discuss the feminization of poverty alleviation through the Gender-Based Community Empowerment Program (P2MBG) in Surakarta, focus on the empowerment process and the level of empowerment by using analysis of Women’s Empowerment by Longwe.

Surakarta purposively choosen by notice the high number of Human Development Index from year to year, but this is not followed with the number of Gender Development Index, it can be concluded that the development in Surakarta still unbalanced by looking at three key indicators, health, education and adequate living. This research is descriptive research which aims indicates the feminization of poverty alleviation. Data collecting technique done by purposive through observation, interviews, and documentation. The data validity conducted with triangulation technique where researchers use different sources to collect the same data.

The results show that the empowerment of women affect the family income and give good influence on the feminization of poverty alleviation. In the process of the empowerment of women through P2MBG, there are four phases of activities starting from conscientisation, capacity building, empowering and these three processes is strengthened through protection. After viewing the empowerment process, further discussion is the level of empowerment by Longwe framework that consist of five levels. Women Empowerment through P2MBG has achieved thise five levels, welfare, access, conscientisation, participation and control. There are additional findings that the Self Help Group is a phenomenon that is found which is considered as the spirit in the process of empowerment of women in order to alleviate the feminization of poverty.

Keywords: Feminization of Poverty, Empowerment, Longwe Framework, Self Help Group, P2MBG

The Community Empowerment on the Program of Community-Based Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation (PAMSIMAS) in Sragen Regency

Johan Bhimo Sukoco, NIM. S241308013. 2016. The Community Empowerment on the Program of Community-Based Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation (PAMSIMAS) in Sragen Regency. Thesis. Supervisor I: Prof. Dr. Ismi Dwi Astuti Nurhaeni, M.Si; Supervisor II: Dr. Didik G. Suharto, S.Sos, M.Si, Master of Public Administration, Graduate Program, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta.

ABSTRACT

The problems of drinking water satisfaction and sanitation was often faced by marginalized people. Water fulfillment was ideally involved the community role, in other words, empowered the community. However, although empowerment is the manifestation of New Public Service, Human Governance, and Good Governance, the facts were shown the society was still often neglected in development programs. Government was seeking the fulfillment of this public need through PAMSIMAS Program. The program was implemented in Sragen to serve 116 villages out of a total of 208 villages. The research objective was determined the community empowerment from the dominant aspects that are often used by experts to studying it, namely: Access to Information, Inclusion/Participation, Accountability, Local Organizational Capacity, and Community Knowledge.

The study type is qualitative descriptive. The location determination was used purposive area. Sragen regency was chosen because it has the highest PAMSIMAS program with coverage of 58%, while the Plosorejo and Katelan Village have different specifications related to the geographical conditions in areas of water prone in the north and south, as well as differences in program funding sources. Data collecting techniques are interview, observation and document analysis. Informants determining technique was used purposive sampling. The data validity was used the data triangulation techniques, while data analysis technique was used interactive analysis model.

The results were showed the community empowerment related to the information access has not been optimal because the manager is not active in the association. Participation/community inclusion is low in the in kind fulfillment, bill payment, and involvement in local organizations. The managers’ accountability are lack in financial reporting was caused government’s access to the program are weak. Local organizations are weak in financial support. Technical operational knowledge of society are less, thus reinforced by training. The study found outside the findings of five dominant aspects, namely Politics and Law Capacity and Local Culture. The society has good awareness and political bargaining power, judging from the involvement to apply for aid to the Regent and discourse to the media. However, the legality of local organizations has not been adequate was caused the aid restricting and weak organizational governance. Society are still respect to the Java local culture of work selflessly, and local wisdom of mutual cooperation.

Keywords: community empowerment, empowerment, water, sanitation, PAMSIMAS.

SURAT IJIN PRASURVEY

surat ijin pra survey

SURAT IJIN PENELITIAN

surat ijin penelitian MAP

Kolaborasi Antar Daerah Pawonsari dalam Penyelesaian Konflik Antar Nelayan di Perairan Pacitan, Wonogiri dan Gunungkidul.

Rahmawati, Aulia. S241208002. 2016. Kolaborasi Antar Daerah Pawonsari dalam Penyelesaian Konflik Antar Nelayan di Perairan Pacitan, Wonogiri dan Gunungkidul. TESIS. Pembimbing I: Prof. Dr. Ismi Dwi Astuti Nurhaeni, M.Si, II: Dr. Drajat Tri Kartono, M.Si. Program Studi Magister Administrasi Publik, Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta.

ABSTRAK

Penyelenggaraan otonomi daerah harus menjamin keserasian hubungan antar daerah dan mampu membangun Kolaborasi Antar Daerah guna meningkatkan kesejahteraan bersama dan meminimalisir konflik antar wilayah. Tujuan penelitian ini ingin mengetahui Kolaborasi Antar DaerahPawonsari (collaborative process) dalam penyelesaian konflik antar nelayan di perairan Pacitan, Wonogiri dan Gunungkidul dilihat dari face to face dialogue, building trust, comitmment to process, intermediate outcomes. Serta faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi Kolaborasi Antar Daerah dalam penyelesaian konflik dilihat dari aspek starting condition, institutional design, facilitative leadership. Data penelitian ini dikumpulkan melalui wawancara mendalam, dokumentasi dan observasi. Validitas data menggunakan triangulasi data dimana peneliti menggunakan beberapa sumber data untuk mengumpulkan data yang sama.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) Proses kolaborasi merupakan hubungan yang non linear (siklus) pencapaian komunikasi, kepercayaan, komitmen, pemahaman, dan hasil jangka menengah. (2) Komunikasi menjadi jantung dari proses kolaborasi yang akan memfasilitasi pembentukan kepercayaan, komitmen, dan sharing pemahaman. (3) membangun kepercayaan dilakukan dengan mengivestasikan waktu dan energi untuk membangun hubungan yang baik antar peserta kerjasama. (4) komitmen dilakukan dengan distribusi kepemilikan forum kerjasama dan menggali keuntungan-keuntungan apa saja yang didapat melalui kerjasama. (5) sharing pemahaman merupakan proses pembelajaran dalam Collaborative Governance yang akan menguatkan kepercayaan dan komitmen untuk berpartisipasi. (6) program real dan konkrit yang dapat dikerjakan secara bersama-sama sebagai manifestasi intermediate outcomes menjadi sarana untuk membangun kepercayaan dan komitmen. (7) Konflik dan ketidakseimbangan kekuatan dan sumber daya tidak menjadi penghambat dalam kerjasama antar daerah, dimana nelayan merasa saling tergantung satu sama lain justru akan meningkatkan  Insentive for Participation dalam Collaborative Process. (8) pelibatan aktor yang baik secara kualitas dan kebergamananya. (9) pemimpin fasilitative dalam hal ini BKAD Pawonsari berperan untuk memberdayakan peserta kerjasama.

Saran yang diberikan adalah Perlu dibuat agenda bersama bidang kelautan di area Kolaborasi Antar DaerahPawonsari untuk menjaga hubungan baik dan membangun kepercayaan dan komitmen antar peserta kerjasama. Perlu ada forum rutin yang melibatkan nelayan dalam hal ini dimanfaatkan sebagai media komunikasi yang efektif antara pemerintah dengan masyarakat (nelayan) di area kerjasama Pawonsari.

Kata kunci: Kolaborasi Antar Daerah, Penyelesaian konflik, Governance


Rahmawati, Aulia. S241208002. 2016. Collaborative Governance of Pawonsari in Conflict Resolution Between fishermen in the waters of Pacitan, Wonogiri and Gunungkidul. TESIS. Suvervisor I: Prof. Dr. Ismi Dwi Astuti Nurhaeni, M.Si, II: Dr. Drajat Tri Kartono, M.Si. Public Administration Postgraduated Program, Sebelas Maret Surakarta University.

Implementation of decentralization should ensure harmonious relationship between regions and are able to build collaborative process in order to increase mutual prosperity and minimize conflicts between regions. The purpose of this study wanted to find out how the collaborative process in the conflict resolution between fishermen in the waters of Pacitan, Wonogiri and Gunungkidul seen from face to face dialogue, building trust, comitmment to process, sharing understanding and intermediate outcomes as well as the factors affecting collaborative governance in conflict resolution seen from the aspect starting condition, institutional design, facilitative leadership. Techniques of data collection was obtained through in-depth interviews, documentation and observation. The validity of the data using triangulation of data where the researcher uses multiple data sources to collect the same data.

The results showed that, (1) The collaborative process is a non-linear relationship (cycle) that achievement of communication, trust, commitment, understanding, and mid-term results (2) Communication is at the heart of the collaborative process that will facilitate the establishment of trust, commitment, and sharing understanding. (3) build trust carried by investing time and energy to build a good relationship of cooperation among participants of collaborative process. (4)  commitments made by the distribution of ownership of the collaborative forum and explore any benefits gained through collaborative. (5) sharing understanding of is learning process in a collaborative governance that will strengthen the trust and commitment to participate. (6) real and concrete programs which can be work on simultaneously as a manifestation of intermediate outcomes facilitate trust, commitment and understanding. (7) Conflict and powers and resources imbalance does not become an obstacle in Process of Collaborative Governance, where fishermen feel interdependent of each other thus will increase the incentive for Participation in Collaborative Process. (8) involvement of actors both in quality and diversity (9) facilitative leader in this regard BKAD Pawonsari role is to empower participants of collaborative process.

Recommendation based on this research are: common agendas need to be made  in the field of marine area Pawonsari Collaborative Governance to maintain good relations and build trust and commitment among participants  of the collaborative process. There needs to be a regular forum involving the fishermen in this case is used as a medium for effective communication between the government and society (fishermen) in the area of Pawonsari Collaborative Governance

Keywords: Collaborative Governance, Conflict Resolution, Governance

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PENGUMUMAN KULIAH PAKAR